BERNESE MOUNTAIN DOG: Gentle Temperament Dog

Explore the world of Bernese Mountain Dogs – a majestic breed known for their gentle nature and striking tricolor coat. Learn about their origin, temperament, and care tips. Find your perfect furry companion with our comprehensive guide to Bernese Mountain Dogs.

The Bernese Mountain Dog, often referred to as the Berner, is a large and sturdy breed known for its friendly nature, intelligence, and distinctive tricolor coat

Delve into their Swiss heritage, understand their playful yet gentle temperament, and gain insights into grooming and health. Whether you’re a prospective owner or a dog enthusiast, our comprehensive guide to Bernese Mountain Dogs awaits your exploration.


The Bernese Mountain Dog, originating from the Swiss Alps, has a rich history rooted in its role as a versatile farm dog. Bred in the canton of Bern, Switzerland, these dogs were initially utilized for herding cattle, pulling carts, and serving as loyal companions to farmers.

The breed’s lineage can be traced back to Roman times when Roman mastiff-type dogs were likely brought to the region. Over centuries, local Swiss dogs interbred with these mastiff-type dogs and other regional breeds, resulting in the development of the Bernese Mountain Dog we know today.

In the 19th century, as agriculture and farming evolved, the Bernese Mountain Dog transitioned to being a general-purpose farm dog. They played a crucial role in pulling carts laden with milk and cheese to market. However, by the late 19th century, the breed faced a decline in numbers due to changes in agriculture and increased mechanization.

In the early 20th century, efforts were made to revive and preserve the breed. The Swiss Kennel Club officially recognized the Bernese Mountain Dog in 1907, contributing to its recognition and popularity beyond Switzerland. Today, these dogs are cherished worldwide for their gentle temperament, intelligence, and distinctive tricolor coat, maintaining a connection to their Alpine heritage while thriving as beloved family companions.


The Bernese Mountain Dog is celebrated for its exceptional personality, characterized by a gentle and affectionate nature that makes it a cherished companion in households around the world. Renowned for its loyalty, this breed forms strong bonds with its family members, often displaying a deep sense of devotion and eagerness to participate in family activities. Their affectionate disposition extends to children, making them excellent playmates and reliable guardians, as Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their protective instincts.

Intelligence is a hallmark of the Bernese Mountain Dog’s personality, contributing to its ease of training and adaptability. This breed thrives on positive reinforcement and excels in various roles, from a loving family pet to a reliable working dog. Their innate intelligence, combined with a calm demeanor, makes them well-suited for therapy and assistance work, showcasing their versatility and willingness to please.

Despite their large size, Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally known for their calm and laid-back attitude. While they may be reserved with strangers, their friendly disposition and balanced temperament make them approachable and well-mannered in social situations. This affable nature, coupled with their striking appearance and distinctive tricolor coat, contributes to the Bernese Mountain Dog’s popularity as an ideal family companion with a heart as big as its size.

Physical Characteristics


  • Male 25-27 inches
  • Female 23-26 inches


  • Male 80-115 pounds
  • Female 70-95 pounds


He has a distinctive tricolor coat, primarily black with rust and white markings.


The main colors are;

  • Primarily black
  • Rust markings
  • White markings


This dog has typically expressive and dark brown eyes.


He has medium to large-sized, triangular-shaped ears that hang down close to the sides of the head.


He has a bushy tail that is carried low and hangs straight or slightly curved.

Life Span

The average life span is around 6-8 years.


The Bernese Mountain Dog is renowned for its gentle and affectionate temperament, making it a beloved family companion. With an inherent loyalty and deep attachment to its human family, this breed excels at forming strong bonds, often displaying a calm and even-tempered demeanor. This gentle giant is particularly well-suited for families with children, as it demonstrates a patient and protective nature, fostering a harmonious environment within the household.

Intelligence is a prominent aspect of the Bernese Mountain Dog’s temperament, contributing to its adaptability and ease of training. This breed is known for its willingness to learn and work alongside its owners, showcasing a versatile intellect that extends beyond mere companionship. Whether engaging in playtime with children, participating in obedience training, or taking on therapeutic roles, the Bernese Mountain Dog’s intelligence enhances its suitability for various tasks.

The calm and laid-back disposition of the Bernese Mountain Dog is a defining characteristic that belies its large size. Despite its imposing appearance, this breed tends to be gentle, rarely showing signs of aggression. While they may be reserved around strangers, their friendly nature shines through once they establish trust. This balanced temperament, combined with a natural watchfulness, makes Bernese Mountain Dogs not only affectionate family pets but also effective and reliable watchdogs.


Grooming the Bernese Mountain Dog is an essential aspect of caring for this beautiful breed, given its thick, double coat. Regular brushing is crucial to prevent matting and reduce shedding. A good practice is to brush their coat several times a week, paying particular attention to areas prone to tangling, such as behind the ears and along the tail. This not only helps maintain the coat’s health but also provides an opportunity to check for any skin issues or abnormalities.

Bathing should be done as needed, typically every two to three months or when the dog gets dirty. Using a mild dog shampoo and ensuring thorough rinsing is essential to keep the coat clean and healthy. However, over-bathing should be avoided, as it can strip the coat of natural oils, leading to dryness and irritation.

Regular maintenance of the Bernese Mountain Dog’s ears is vital to prevent infections. Check the ears regularly for signs of redness, odor, or wax buildup, and clean them gently using a dog ear cleaning solution as recommended by a veterinarian. Additionally, keeping the nails trimmed to a comfortable length is important for the dog’s overall well-being and to prevent potential issues with walking and joint health.

Dental care is another crucial aspect of grooming. Brushing the Bernese Mountain Dog’s teeth several times a week helps prevent dental problems and keeps their breath fresh. Providing dental chews or toys can also contribute to good oral health.

Given the breed’s predisposition to certain health issues, regular grooming sessions provide an opportunity to monitor the dog’s overall well-being, allowing for early detection of any abnormalities or discomfort. Establishing a consistent grooming routine not only keeps the Bernese Mountain Dog looking its best but also ensures a happy and healthy life for this wonderful companion.


Training the Bernese Mountain Dog is a rewarding experience, thanks to their intelligence and eagerness to please. Starting early with socialization is crucial to help them become well-mannered and confident adults. Expose them to various people, environments, and situations to develop their social skills and prevent shyness. Basic obedience training is essential, focusing on commands like sit, stay, and come. Positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats, praise, and play, work effectively, as these dogs respond well to encouragement.

Given their large size, leash training is vital to ensure they are manageable during walks. Consistent and gentle guidance will help instill good leash manners. While Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally gentle, early training is essential to manage their size and strength as they grow.

As working dogs historically used for various tasks, providing mental stimulation is crucial. Engage them in activities like puzzle toys, obedience challenges, or even light work tasks to keep their minds active. Incorporating training into playtime fosters a strong bond between owner and dog, reinforcing their loyal nature.

Patience and consistency are key when training Bernese Mountain Dogs, as they may take their time to mature mentally. Training sessions should be kept positive and enjoyable, avoiding harsh methods that may cause fear or anxiety. Regular training not only ensures a well-behaved companion but also taps into the breed’s working heritage, allowing them to thrive in various roles, from family pet to therapy dog or even participating in canine sports.


Meeting the exercise needs of a Bernese Mountain Dog is essential to maintain their physical health and prevent boredom. Despite their large size, these dogs are not overly energetic, but they do require regular, moderate exercise to keep them happy. Daily walks, ranging from 30 minutes to an hour, are beneficial for their overall well-being. Engaging in activities like hiking or jogging can provide both mental and physical stimulation.

Due to their working heritage, Bernese Mountain Dogs often enjoy light tasks or activities that involve pulling, such as carting or pulling a sled. This type of exercise taps into their natural instincts and contributes to their sense of purpose. Interactive play, such as fetch or tug-of-war, is also a great way to bond with them while providing an outlet for their energy.

It’s important to note that Bernese Mountain Dogs are sensitive to heat due to their thick coat, so exercise should be adjusted accordingly in hot weather. Regular play sessions in a secure, fenced yard can offer them the freedom to move around and explore.

Consistency is key in providing adequate exercise for these dogs. A lack of physical activity can lead to weight gain and potential health issues. Additionally, mental stimulation is crucial, and incorporating puzzle toys or training sessions into their routine helps keep their intelligent minds engaged. Overall, a well-balanced exercise routine not only contributes to the physical health of Bernese Mountain Dogs but also enhances their overall happiness and well-being.


Ensuring proper nutrition is vital for the health and well-being of a Bernese Mountain Dog. Given their large size and potential for joint issues, providing a balanced and nutritionally dense diet is essential. High-quality commercial dog food, formulated for large breeds, is a suitable choice, offering the necessary nutrients for their growth and maintenance. It’s advisable to choose a formula that takes into account the breed’s predisposition to certain health concerns, such as hip and elbow dysplasia.

Feeding guidelines should be followed based on the dog’s age, weight, and activity level. Puppies require a diet that supports growth, while adults benefit from maintaining a healthy weight to reduce stress on their joints. Regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor the dog’s weight and adjust their diet as needed.

Given the Bernese Mountain Dog’s propensity for obesity, it’s crucial to monitor portion sizes and avoid overfeeding. Treats should be given in moderation and incorporated into the overall daily calorie intake. Additionally, providing fresh water at all times is essential, especially considering their thick coat and potential for overheating.

Some owners may opt for a homemade or raw diet, but it’s crucial to ensure that it meets the nutritional needs of the breed. Consultation with a veterinarian or a canine nutritionist can help create a balanced and appropriate diet plan, taking into account the individual dog’s health and dietary requirements. Overall, a well-managed and nutritious diet is a cornerstone of the Bernese Mountain Dog’s health and longevity.

Health Concerns

Bernese Mountain Dogs, like many large breeds, are prone to certain health concerns. It’s important for prospective owners to be aware of these potential issues and take preventive measures. Common health concerns for Bernese Mountain Dogs include:

Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia

These are developmental conditions where the hip or elbow joint doesn’t fit properly into the socket, leading to discomfort and, over time, arthritis. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and appropriate exercise can help manage these conditions.

Gastric Torsion (Bloat)

Large, deep-chested breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs are susceptible to gastric torsion, a life-threatening condition where the stomach twists on itself. Feeding smaller, more frequent meals and avoiding vigorous exercise immediately after eating can reduce the risk.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

This is a group of genetic diseases that cause the gradual degeneration of the retina, eventually leading to blindness. Responsible breeding practices can help minimize the risk of inherited conditions.


Bernese Mountain Dogs have a higher predisposition to certain types of cancer, which can affect various parts of the body. Regular veterinary check-ups, a healthy diet, and early detection are crucial in managing this risk.

Heart Disease

Some Bernese Mountain Dogs may be prone to certain heart conditions, including mitral valve disease. Regular veterinary examinations can help monitor and address potential cardiac issues.


This condition occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It can lead to various health issues, and treatment usually involves medication to manage thyroid levels.

Dental Issues

Due to their large size, Bernese Mountain Dogs may be prone to dental problems. Regular tooth brushing and providing dental chews can help maintain good oral health.

Bottom Line

Bernese Mountain Dogs are wonderful and gentle companions known for their loyalty, intelligence, and striking tricolor coat. While they make excellent family pets, it’s important to be aware of potential health concerns common to the breed, such as hip dysplasia, bloat, and certain genetic conditions.

Providing regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, appropriate exercise, and a loving home environment can contribute to the overall health and well-being of these magnificent dogs. Responsible ownership, including early training, consistent grooming, and attention to their specific needs, ensures that Bernese Mountain Dogs thrive as cherished members of the family.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q. Can Bernese Mountain Dogs live in apartments?

Due to their large size, Bernese Mountain Dogs are better suited to homes with ample space, such as houses with yards. They require regular exercise and room to move around comfortably.

Q. Are Bernese Mountain Dogs good watchdogs?

Yes, Bernese Mountain Dogs can be good watchdogs. While they are generally friendly, their protective instincts may make them reserved around strangers, alerting their owners to potential threats.

Q. Are Bernese Mountain Dogs good with children?

Yes, Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their gentle and affectionate nature, making them good family pets. They often form strong bonds with children.

Q. Are Bernese Mountain Dogs suitable for first-time dog owners?

While Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their gentle nature, their large size and grooming needs may require commitment. First-time dog owners should be prepared for the responsibilities of training, grooming, and providing proper care for this breed.

Q. How much does it cost to own a Bernese Mountain Dog?

The cost of owning a Bernese Mountain Dog includes expenses such as food, grooming, veterinary care, and other supplies. Additionally, the initial cost of purchasing from a reputable breeder can vary but is generally in the range of $1,000 to $3,000 or more.

Q. Are there rescue organizations for Bernese Mountain Dogs?

Yes, there are rescue organizations dedicated to Bernese Mountain Dogs. Adopting from a rescue can be a rewarding way to provide a loving home to a dog in need.

Q. Can Bernese Mountain Dogs be left alone for long periods?

Bernese Mountain Dogs thrive on companionship and may experience separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods. They do best in homes where they receive regular interaction and attention.

Q. Do Bernese Mountain Dogs require professional grooming?

While professional grooming is not necessary, regular home grooming is essential. Brushing, ear cleaning, and nail trimming can usually be done at home, but professional grooming services may be sought for specific needs.

Q. Can Bernese Mountain Dogs tolerate hot weather?

Due to their thick coat, Bernese Mountain Dogs may struggle in hot weather. It’s important to provide shade, fresh water, and avoid strenuous exercise during high temperatures.

Q. Are Bernese Mountain Dogs good with other pets?

Generally, Bernese Mountain Dogs get along well with other pets, especially if they are socialized from an early age. Proper introductions and supervision are recommended.

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