The Chinese Hairless Dog, including the Hairless variety, is a unique and distinctive breed known for its hairless appearance and characteristic “Powder Puff” variety with a soft, luxurious coat.

Chinese crested dog

The Chinese Crested or hairless dog is a small to medium-sized breed known for its hairless body with varying amounts of hair on its head, tail, and feet. It is believed to have originated in China but gained popularity in various parts of the world. They typically have a distinctive appearance with a hairless body and a tuft of fur on their head, which is referred to as the “crest.

Despite their lack of fur, these dogs are known for being affectionate, playful, and often make great companions for individuals with allergies or those who prefer low-shedding breeds.

Discover their fascinating history, distinctive features, and playful temperament. Whether hairless or powder puff, they are loyal and loving pets, ideal for those seeking a low-shedding breed with a big personality.


The Chinese Crested dog breed’s history is intriguing and spans across continents. Originating from Africa or Mexico, hairless dogs similar to the Chinese Crested were favored companions of sailors, who kept them on ships for various purposes, including rodent control.

These dogs became popular among Chinese sailors and were further refined, leading to their association with China despite not originating from there. They were later brought to other parts of the world, including Europe and the United States, where they gained recognition as a distinct breed.

Today, the Chinese Crested is cherished for its unique appearance and affectionate nature, making it a beloved companion for many around the globe.


The Chinese Crested is renowned for its affectionate, lively, and playful personality. Despite its small size, this breed possesses a confident demeanor and enjoys being the center of attention. They form strong bonds with their owners and thrive on companionship, often seeking out cuddles and lap time.

They are known for their intelligence and adaptability, making them quick learners in obedience training and various activities. Despite their energetic nature, they also appreciate quiet moments and can adapt well to apartment living. They are generally good with children and other pets, especially when properly socialized from a young age. Overall, they make delightful and entertaining companions for families and individuals alike.

Physical Characteristics


  • Male 11-13 inches
  • Female 9-12 inches


  • Male 8-12 pounds
  • Female 5-10 pounds


They can either have a hairless coat with soft, smooth skin or a “powder puff” variety with a long, silky coat.


The colors can include:

  • Black
  • Blue
  • Chocolate
  • Cream
  • Slate
  • White
  • Apricot
  • Sable
  • Brindle
  • Merle


The eyes are typically almond-shaped and can vary in color from dark brown to blue or even partially or fully heterochromatic.


The ears are typically large and erect, standing upright on the head.


His tail is long, slender, and often carried high, with a plume of fur at the tip.

Life Span

The average life span is around 13-15 years.


The Chinese Crested is characterized by a charming temperament, blending affection, intelligence, and a lively spirit. These dogs are known for their unwavering loyalty and devotion to their human companions, often forming deep bonds with family members. Despite their small size, they possess a confident and outgoing demeanor, enjoying social interactions with both people and other pets.

They are playful and energetic, thriving in environments that provide mental stimulation and opportunities for exercise. Their intelligence makes them quick learners, excelling in obedience training and various dog sports. Additionally, they have a sensitive side, appreciating gentle handling and affectionate gestures from their owners.

Overall, this hairless dog is delightful blend of affection, intelligence, and vivaciousness makes them cherished companions for individuals and families seeking a loving and spirited canine companion.


Grooming for the Chinese Crested varies depending on whether they have a hairless or powder puff coat. Hairless Chinese dog require regular skincare to prevent dryness and sunburn, including moisturizing lotions and sunscreen application. They also need occasional bathing to remove dirt and oils from their skin.

Additionally, they may need their ears cleaned regularly to prevent wax buildup. Powderpuff Chinese pets require more extensive grooming, including regular brushing to prevent matting and tangles in their long, silky fur. They may also need occasional trims to maintain their coat’s length and appearance. Both varieties benefit from routine dental care, nail trimming, and regular check-ups to maintain overall health and wellbeing.


Training a Chinese Crested requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement techniques. Due to their intelligence and eagerness to please, they typically respond well to training. Start with basic obedience commands such as sit, stay, come, and down, using rewards like treats and praise to reinforce desired behaviors. Socialization from an early age is crucial to ensure they are comfortable around people, other animals, and various environments.

Keep training sessions short and engaging to prevent boredom, as he can have a playful and sometimes stubborn streak. Positive reinforcement methods, such as clicker training or reward-based training, work best with this breed, as they thrive on praise and treats. With patience, consistency, and plenty of love, he can become well-behaved and obedient companions.


They are relatively active dogs despite their small size, requiring regular exercise to maintain their health and happiness. Daily walks, play sessions, and interactive games are essential to keep them mentally stimulated and physically fit. However, their exercise needs can be met within a smaller space, making them suitable for apartment living.

Additionally, they enjoy participating in activities such as agility, obedience training, and even canine sports like flyball and rally. Despite their activity level, it’s important to avoid overexertion, especially during hot weather, due to their sensitivity to extreme temperatures. With consistent exercise and mental stimulation, Chinese Cresteds thrive as energetic and lively companions.


Ensuring proper nutrition is vital for the health and well-being of Chinese Crested dogs. As a small breed, they require a balanced diet tailored to their size, age, activity level, and any specific health considerations. High-quality commercial dog food formulated for small breeds is recommended, providing essential nutrients such as protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Owners should monitor portion sizes to prevent overeating and obesity, a common issue in small breeds.

Additionally, considering the tendency for dental problems, feeding dry kibble or incorporating dental chews can help promote oral health. Fresh water should always be available. Consulting with a veterinarian for personalized dietary recommendations can ensure that Chinese Crested dogs receive optimal nutrition throughout their lives.

Health Concerns

Chinese Crested dogs are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they may be prone to certain health issues. Some common health concerns in Chinese Cresteds include:

Dental problems

Due to their small size and crowded teeth, Chinese Cresteds are prone to dental issues such as periodontal disease and tooth loss. Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth and providing dental chews, can help maintain oral health.

Skin problems

The hairless variety of Chinese Cresteds may be susceptible to skin issues such as acne, sunburn, dryness, and irritation. Proper skincare, including moisturizing and protecting from sun exposure, is essential to prevent skin problems.

Luxating patella

This condition involves the displacement of the kneecap and can cause lameness or discomfort. Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of luxating patella.

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease

This condition affects the hip joint and can lead to pain and lameness. While less common, it’s still seen in Chinese Cresteds. Early detection and appropriate veterinary care are crucial for managing this condition.

Eye problems

Chinese Cresteds may be prone to various eye issues, including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), glaucoma, and cataracts. Regular eye exams by a veterinarian can help detect and manage these conditions.


Chinese Cresteds may develop allergies to certain foods, environmental allergens, or grooming products. Identifying and avoiding allergens, along with veterinary guidance, can help manage allergic reactions.

Bottom Line

The Chinese Crested dog, renowned for its unique hairless or “powderpuff” coat, is a small breed with a lively and affectionate personality. While generally healthy, they may be predisposed to dental problems, skin issues, luxating patella, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, eye conditions, and allergies.

Consistent veterinary care, balanced nutrition, regular exercise, and diligent grooming are essential for their overall health and well-being. Despite potential health concerns, Chinese Cresteds make delightful companions known for their intelligence, adaptability, and loving nature.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q. Do Chinese Crested dogs need to wear clothes?

While not necessary, clothing can help hairless Chinese Cresteds regulate their body temperature and protect their skin.

Q. Do Chinese Crested dogs suffer from separation anxiety?

Like many breeds, Chinese Cresteds may experience separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. Proper training and gradual desensitization can help prevent this.

Q. Are Chinese Crested dogs prone to weight gain?

Due to their small size, Chinese Cresteds can easily gain weight if overfed. Monitoring their diet and providing regular exercise is important for maintaining a healthy weight.

Q. Are Chinese Crested dogs good watchdog?

While they may alert their owners to strangers, Chinese Cresteds are generally not considered excellent watchdogs due to their small size and friendly nature.

Q. Do Chinese Crested dogs have a high prey drive?

Their prey drive can vary among individuals, but overall, Chinese Cresteds tend to have a moderate prey drive.

Q. Are Chinese Crested dogs suitable for hot climates?

Yes, Chinese Cresteds can adapt well to hot climates, but precautions such as sun protection and hydration are necessary, especially for hairless varieties.

Q. Do Chinese Crested dogs get along well with other pets?

With proper socialization, Chinese Cresteds can get along well with other pets, including dogs and cats.

Q. Do Chinese Crested dogs bark a lot?

They can be vocal but are not excessive barkers. Proper training and socialization can help manage their barking tendencies.

Q. Are Chinese Crested dogs good for first-time dog owners?

Yes, Chinese Cresteds can be suitable for first-time dog owners, especially those who are committed to providing proper care and training.

Q. Do Chinese Crested dogs need special skincare?

Hairless Chinese Cresteds require regular skincare, including moisturizing and protection from the sun. Powderpuffs may also benefit from skincare products to maintain their coat.

Q. Are Chinese Crested dogs good with children?

Yes, Chinese Cresteds are generally good with children, especially when raised together. However, supervision is always recommended, especially with younger children.

Q. Are Chinese Crested dogs hypoallergenic?

Yes, Chinese Crested dogs are considered hypoallergenic because they have minimal hair and shed very little.

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