PICARDY SPANIEL: A Affectionate Companion

Discover the charm of Picardy Spaniel, a versatile hunting dog. With a friendly and loyal nature, this medium-sized dog is not only an exceptional hunters but also cherished companion for families.

Picardy Spaniel

The Picardy Spaniel, also known as Épagneul Picard, is a versatile and affectionate sporting breed originating from the Picardy region in northern France.

This Spaniel breed is known for its exceptional hunting abilities, this medium-sized spaniel has gained popularity for its keen nose, intelligence, and adaptability in various hunting terrains.

Let’s dig in to explore about its history, temperament, care tips and more.


The history of the Picardy Spaniel, or Épagneul Picard, is deeply rooted in the hunting traditions of the Picardy region in northern France. Believed to have ancient origins, this breed evolved over centuries as a versatile gundog, excelling in pointing, retrieving, and flushing game. Its abilities to work with hunters in both water and land settings contributed to its popularity among sportsmen.

While the breed’s history is extensive, it faced challenges during the two World Wars, leading to a decline in its numbers. Fortunately, dedicated breed enthusiasts and hunters worked diligently to preserve and revive these spaniels, ensuring its continued existence and recognition.

Today, the Picardy Spaniel remains appreciated for its exceptional hunting skills and gentle temperament. The breed’s history reflects its resilience, adaptability, and enduring contributions to the world of hunting and canine companionship.


This Spaniel is a type of dog that looks strong and friendly. It’s medium-sized and has a muscular body with a nice coat. The dog’s eyes are kind and gentle, and its ears hang down with a bit of fur on them. He has a calm and relaxed expression, showing it’s a good companion. It’s a lovely dog with a warm appearance that makes it easy to love.

Physical Characteristics


  • Male 22-24 inches
  • Female 21-23 inches


  • Male 44-55 pounds
  • Female 40-50 pounds


He has a dense and flat or slightly wavy coat that is medium in length. It provides protection in various weather conditions.


White with chestnut markings


This spaniel has oval-shaped eyes that are typically dark brown or hazel.


This gundog has long and pendant-shaped ears that hang close to the head. They are on the face, and are covered with wavy or feathered hair.


The tail is docked to a moderate length. It is carried at below with the level of the back.

Life Span

The average life span is around 12-14 years.


This spaniel is known for its gentle and affectionate temperament. This versatile and intelligent breed is not only an exceptional hunting companion but also a devoted family dog. They are also known to be loyal, eager to please, and highly trainable.

They form strong bonds with their human family members, and their patient and gentle nature makes them well-suited for households with children. In the field, they exhibit a strong work ethic, showcasing their hunting instincts and versatility. While they can be reserved with strangers, they are generally not very aggressive.

Early age socialization and positive reinforcement training contribute to bringing out the best in their friendly and cooperative nature.


The grooming requirements for these gundogs are relatively moderate. Their dense and flat or slightly wavy coat needs regular brushing. It should be done typically a few times in a week, to remove loose hair, prevent matting, and maintain overall coat health.

Bathing is only necessary when they get particularly dirty, as this breed generally stays relatively clean. Attention to other grooming aspects includes regular ear checks and cleaning to prevent infections, dental care, and nail trimming.

Additionally, it’s important to inspect their paw pads and remove any debris. The natural oils in their coat contribute to its water-resistant quality, and excessive bathing should be avoided to preserve these oils.


Training Épagneul Picard is a rewarding due to its innate intelligence, willingness to please, and adaptable nature. Early age socialization is crucial, exposing them to various people, environments, and situations for a well-rounded and confident temperament.

Positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats, praise, and play, work effectively in motivating and rewarding desired behaviors. Consistency in commands and rules, coupled with patience, forms the foundation of successful training sessions.

Basic obedience commands like sit, stay, and recall is important for both safety and building a strong owner-dog bond. The training should be a positive and engaging experience, avoiding harsh methods to maintain the breed’s cooperative and friendly temperament.

Épagneul Picard


This spaniel, with its energetic and agile nature, requires regular exercise to stay physically fit and mentally stimulated. Long walks, jogging, and off-leash play sessions in a secure area are essential to fulfill their exercise needs. Due to their hunting background, engaging them in activities that tap into their natural instincts, such as retrieving games, can provide both physical and mental stimulation.

These versatile dogs often enjoy participating in canine sports like agility, which not only keeps them active but also strengthens the bond between the dog and its owner. Regular exercise not only contributes to their overall health but also helps prevent boredom, ensuring that your gundog remains well-behaved, and a joy to have as both a hunting partner and a cherished family companion.


Providing a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for the overall health and well-being of this dog. As an active and agile breed, they benefit from a high-quality dog food that caters to their specific needs based on factors such as age, size, and activity level.

A diet rich in protein supports their muscle development and energy requirements, while essential fatty acids contribute to maintaining a healthy coat and skin. Portion control is important to prevent weight gain, and access to fresh water should be readily available at all times.

Health concerns

They are generally considered as healthy breed, like all dogs, they may be prone to certain health concerns. It’s important for owners and breeders to be aware of potential issues. Some health concerns may include:

Hip Dysplasia

It is a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t fit properly into the hip socket, which can lead to arthritis and lameness.

Ear Infections

Due to their floppy ears, they may be more susceptible to ear infections. Regular cleaning and inspection of the ears can help prevent issues.

Eye Conditions

Some Spaniels may be prone to certain eye conditions, including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) or cataracts.


Like many breeds, these gundogs can develop allergies, which may manifest as skin irritations or digestive issues.

Elbow Dysplasia

It is a malformation of the elbow joint that can cause pain, swelling, and lameness.

Autoimmune Disorders

Some individuals may be predisposed to autoimmune disorders, which can affect various systems in the body.


It is a potentially life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself. This is more common in deep-chested breeds.

Bottom Line

The Picardy Spaniel stands out as a versatile and devoted companion, excelling both in the field as a skilled hunting partner and at home as a cherished family member. With its gentle temperament, intelligence, and willingness to please, the breed has captured the hearts of those who appreciate a loyal and adaptable canine companion. The Picardy Spaniel’s unique combination of intelligence, versatility, and amiable nature cements its place as a valued member of the family and a trusted partner in the field.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q. Are Picardy Spaniels good with children?

Yes, Picardy Spaniels are known for their gentle and affectionate nature, making them generally good with children. However, early socialization is important.

Q. Do these spaniels get along with other pets?

Yes, they often get along well with other pets, especially when introduced and socialized from a young age.

Q. Are Épagneul Picard good for first-time dog owners?

While they are generally adaptable, their active nature may be better suited for owners with some experience in handling energetic breeds.

Q. Do these gundogs bark a lot?

They are not known to be excessive barkers, but like any dog, individual behavior can vary. Early training can help establish appropriate barking habits.

Q. Are Picardy Spaniels good for apartment living?

While they can adapt to apartment living with sufficient exercise, Picardy Spaniels thrive in environments with access to outdoor space.

Q. Do they shed a lot?

They do shed, but their shedding is typically moderate and manageable with regular grooming. Brushing their coat a few times a week can help minimize shedding and keep their coat healthy and free of loose fur.

Q. Are Picardy Spaniels good swimmers?

Many Picardy Spaniels have a natural affinity for water and can be excellent swimmers. With proper introduction and training, they can enjoy swimming as a fun and beneficial form of exercise. However, as with any dog, supervision is recommended around water to ensure their safety.

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