Discover the world of unique Rhodesian Ridgeback an all-purpose African breed, whose trademark is Ridge that runs along its spine. A rarely bark less dog breed.

Rhodesian Ridgeback

The Rhodesian Ridgeback, often referred to as the “African Lion Hound,” is a distinctive and noble breed originating from southern Africa. This breed is recognized for its unique feature, the “ridge” of hair along its back that runs in the opposite direction to the rest of its coat, the breed has a rich history tied to its use in big-game hunting, particularly lions.

Renowned for its loyalty, intelligence, and protective instincts, the breed has transitioned from its hunting origins to become a versatile and loving family companion.

Let’s delve in to learn about their temperament, characteristics, care tips and more.


The history of the Rhodesian Ridgeback is deeply intertwined with the southern regions of Africa, particularly with the Khoikhoi people, who had indigenous hunting dogs with ridges on their backs. In the late 19th century, European settlers in the Cape Colony began developing a breed by crossing these native dogs with European breeds brought to the region, such as Greyhounds, Bloodhounds, and various terriers. The goal was to create a versatile hunting dog that could withstand the harsh African climate and excel in tracking and holding large game, particularly lions.

These gundogs gained recognition for their exceptional hunting skills, and they became known as the “African Lion Hound.” The breed’s endurance, intelligence, and loyalty made it a valuable asset in big-game hunting, with the dogs working in packs to track and hold lions until the hunters arrived.

In 1922, the first breed standard for the Rhodesian Ridgeback was established in South Africa. The breed’s recognition continued to grow, and it was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1955.

Today, the Rhodesian Ridgeback is cherished not only for its hunting abilities but also for its affectionate and loyal nature, making it a beloved companion and family dog around the world.


He is a big, strong dog with a unique feature: a line of hair on its back that grows in the opposite direction. This line is called a “RIDGE,” and it’s a distinctive trait of the breed. With a muscular body and a deep chest, they look powerful and athletic. Their ears are floppy, and they often have a friendly expression on their face. They are impressive-looking dogs, combining strength with elegance.

African Lion Hound

Physical Characteristics


  • Male 25-27 inches
  • Female 24-26 inches


  • Male 80-90 pounds
  • Female 70-75 pounds


They have short and dense coat that is sleek and glossy.


The main colors are:

  • Wheaten
  • Red Wheaten
  • Light Wheaten
  • Red
  • Brindle (stripes of dark and light shading on a wheaten background)


The eyes are expressive that range in color from amber to light brown.


The ears are medium-sized and pendant-shaped that hangs close to the head.


The tail is strong and tapered that is carried high and may have a gentle curve.


The average lifespan is around 10-12 years.


This breed is characterized by a distinctive and balanced temperament that combines strength, loyalty, and affection. They are renowned for its unwavering loyalty; these dogs form deep bonds with their families and exhibit a natural protective instinct, making them reliable guardians. Their confident and independent nature, rooted in their history as hunters of formidable game, adds a sense of dignity to their character.

Energetic and family-oriented, these dogs thrive in environments that provide both physical exercise and emotional connection, making them not only loyal protectors but also cherished members of the family.


This is a relatively low-maintenance breed when it comes to grooming. Their short, sleek coat requires regular brushing to remove loose hairs and maintain its glossy appearance. A soft-bristle brush or grooming mitt is usually sufficient for this purpose. Bathing is only necessary when the dog gets dirty, as Ridgebacks are known to be clean dogs with minimal doggy odor.

The grooming also includes cleaning their ears to prevent wax buildup and checking for signs of infection. Additionally, routine dental care, such as brushing their teeth, can help maintain good oral health. Nail trimming is necessary when their nails become too long, but regular exercise on various surfaces may naturally wear down the nails.



Training this gundog requires a combination of patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. These dogs are known for their independent nature, so early age socialization and obedience training is crucial. Starting training sessions early in their lives helps shape their behavior and establishes a strong foundation for a well-behaved adult.

Positive reinforcement, such as treats, praise, or play, is effective in motivating them, given their intelligence and eagerness to please. Socialization is equally important to prevent shyness or aggression, exposing them to various people, environments, and situations.


Exercising this African Lion Hound is a key aspect of maintaining their physical health and mental well-being. As an active and athletic breed, they thrive on regular, vigorous exercise. Daily activities should include long walks, runs, or opportunities for off-leash play in a secure area.

Engaging in activities that tap into their natural instincts, such as fetch or interactive games, not only provides physical exercise but also mental stimulation.


Providing a well-balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for the overall health and well-being for this breed. Due to their muscular build and active nature, they need a high-quality dog food formulated for this active breed. Look for a formula that features real meat as the main ingredient and includes a balanced mix of protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.

The feeding amount should be adjusted based on factors such as age, weight, activity level, and metabolism. Regular monitoring of their weight and body condition is essential to ensure they are receiving the appropriate amount of food. Providing fresh water at all times is crucial to keep them well-hydrated.

Health Concerns

Ridgebacks are generally a healthy and robust breed, but like all dog breeds, they may be prone to certain health issues. It’s important for owners and breeders to be aware of potential concerns. Some health problems may include:

Hip Dysplasia

It is a common orthopedic issue where the hip joint doesn’t fit properly into the hip socket, potentially leading to arthritis and lameness.

Elbow Dysplasia

This is a malformation of the elbow joint that can cause pain, swelling, and lameness.

Dermoid Sinus

It is a congenital condition where a tube-like structure forms under the skin, potentially leading to infections.


In this disease a thyroid gland disorder that can affect metabolism and energy levels.

Certain Cancers

They may be predisposed to certain types of cancers, including mast cell tumors.

Degenerative Myelopathy

It is a progressive spinal cord disease that can lead to weakness and paralysis.


Some African lion hounds may be prone to allergies, which can manifest as skin irritations or digestive issues.

Bottom Line

The Rhodesian Ridgeback stands as a majestic and versatile breed, renowned for its distinctive appearance, loyal nature, and historical prowess as a skilled hunter. With a temperament marked by courage, intelligence, and affection, they make exceptional family companions and protectors.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q: Are Rhodesian Ridgebacks good family dogs?

Yes, Rhodesian Ridgebacks can be excellent family dogs. They are known for their loyalty and affectionate nature, especially towards children.

Q: Do Ridgebacks get along with other pets?

With proper socialization, Ridgebacks can coexist with other pets. Early introductions and training are important for a harmonious multi-pet household.

Q: Do they bark a lot?

They are not known to be excessive barkers. However, they may bark to alert their owners to perceived threats.

Q: Are these African Lion Hounds good for first-time dog owners?

While African lion hounds are intelligent, their independent nature may pose a challenge for first-time owners. Experienced dog owners may find them easier to handle.

Q: Can Ridgebacks be off-leash?

With proper training and reliable recall commands, Ridgebacks can be off-leash in safe, secure areas. However, caution is advised in unenclosed spaces due to their hunting instincts.

Q: How do they behave around strangers?

They can be reserved around strangers, reflecting their protective nature. Early socialization helps them become well-mannered and comfortable in various social situations.

Q: Can these gundogs live in apartments?

These gundogs can adapt to apartment living, they thrive in environments with sufficient space and opportunities for outdoor exercise. Regular walks and playtime are crucial.

Q: Do Rhodesian Ridgebacks tolerate being alone?

Ridgebacks may experience separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods. Early training and gradual acclimation to alone time can help ease this.

Q: Are Rhodesian Ridgebacks good in hot climates?

Ridgebacks, with their short coat, are generally well-suited to warmer climates. However, adequate shade, hydration, and avoiding strenuous exercise during peak heat are essential.

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